How 3D Imaging Treats Sleep Apnoea
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How 3D Imaging Treats Sleep Apnoea

By Healthcare Tech Outlook | Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Sleep ApneaPeople with mild to moderate sleep apnoea come across daily fatigue and a reduced attention span from lack of sleep. The condition can also have more severe consequences; a few people have died from severe forms of the situation.

FREMONT, CA: Researchers have brought in a novel treatment for sleep apnoea, under which, by making patients lie down flat, the researchers stimulated sleep conditions and calculated the patient's airways using 3D imaging. The study proved that the treatment is effective at opening the airways and guarantees further collaboration between doctors and dentists in the cure of sleep apnoea.

Obstructive sleep apnoea is a condition, which causes throat muscles to relax and narrows the airways of those affected while they are asleep. Choking, snorting, or gasping while sleeping is indicators of the state.

People with mild to moderate sleep apnoea come across daily fatigue and a reduced attention span from lack of sleep. The condition can also have more severe consequences; a few people have died from severe forms of the situation. The treatment for the condition includes a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine (a mask worn by the patient that delivers air pressure all through the night) or one-piece oral appliances. 

Additionally, as a part of the study, a group of health care professionals developed an oral appliance to facilitate patients with mild to moderate sleep apnoea. The machine brings the jawbone forward to widen the air passageways at the rear of their mouth. Each piece of equipment is custom made for every patient and allows jaw movement, so it does not affect the patient's teeth or change the contour of their face. It works the same as one wears glasses to see things clearly, while the oral piece, on the other hand, is to be worn every time one sleeps and to have a better sleep. 

Previous research usually measured patients standing up that does not simulate sleeping conditions. The study measured the change in airway space of 13 patients lying flat. The team found that the piece of equipment had a positive effect on patients: wearing it almost halved the number of times the patients had sleep apnoea occurrences during the night and widened their airways to facilitate more natural breathing.

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