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AR has the potential to increase the precision of minimally invasive procedures and, as a result, reduce surgical errors.
FREMONT, CA: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has wholly replaced open surgery as the favored procedure in several medical specialties in the last few years. But the limited area of visualization in MIS creates difficulties while conducting operations that need three-dimensional imaging, like accurate device installation or eradication of sensitive tissues.
Surgical scene reconstruction approaches have been used in earlier technical endeavors to widen the vision during MIS. Many current approaches, on the other hand, have yet to show consistent performance abilities. As a result, there has lately been a greater emphasis on improving the existing technology of augmented reality.
The user can see the natural environment with a covering of digital content layered on top. It can help surgeons overcome the visual limitations of MIS by increasing their range of view. Additionally, because healthcare systems worldwide are currently under strain from the COVID-19 pandemic, innovative hospital methods to reduce viral transmissions among physicians and patients are in great demand.
Surgeons who choose MIS may profit significantly from AR while doing operations that would ordinarily need open surgery. As a result of improvements and widespread implementation of AR in MIS, patient contact with aerosolized viral particles can be reduced.
AR will enhance the planning and mapping of MIS
AR can be one of several strategies for decreasing the load on hospitals by limiting the coronavirus's transmission. MIS decreases surgeons' vulnerability to coronavirus particles in the air. Open surgery usually necessitates a prolonged hospital stay, which increases the risk of nosocomial virus transmission while straining hospital resources and bed availability.
According to research, AR could be particularly effective in laparoscopic surgery and surgical planning. As AR is integrated into MIS, surgeons will no longer be dependent exclusively on endoscopes. Instead, real-time AR images of scans can be projected on patients to help planning and improve device placement accuracy.
AR's usage is heavily reliant on the firmness of the organs or tissues engaged in the surgery, so it might not be appropriate for every surgical operation. Since the components of the brain and spine are stiff, AR has had some success in neurosurgery. It allows the surgeon to distinguish between the augmentation and the actual situation.
AR and other image-guided surgery methods are difficult to use for abdominal MIS because the organs and tissues are less stiff. Instead, these operations will keep relying on standard endoscopic views.