How Precision Medicine Enables Treatment Accuracy

How Precision Medicine Enables Treatment Accuracy

Alex D'Souza, Healthcare Tech Outlook | Sunday, January 24, 2021

Precision medicine is permitting the replacement of broader classifications of common diseases with a more accurately defined spectrum of specific conditions.

FREMONT, CA: The advancements in genetic analysis have given the medical industry a brand new approach for the treatment of diseases with precision medicine. The theory behind precision medicine is that one-size-fits-all is not always a good way to treat individuals. The genetic makeup varies considerably for each person, and thus, an individual’s response to a specific drug can be completely different from how another reacts. Precision medicine takes into consideration the variability in genes along with alternative external factors while fixing the treatment methodology. This approach is guaranteed to provide higher accuracies and better results. Even though it is a growing field, doctors and researchers have expressed heaps of enthusiasm relating to the potential of precision medicine that is also referred to as genomic or personalized medication.

The face of clinical analysis and development is ever-changing. Precision medicine is permitting the replacement of broader classifications of common diseases with a more accurately defined spectrum of specific conditions. With a strong understanding of the human genome, designing targeted treatment becomes easier. A look at the genetic test will confirm subtle variations that permit doctors to administer patients to medication—containing a higher likelihood of having a response towards recovery.

For instance, when a cancer patient seeks medical assistance, the oncologist will prescribe generic medicines and choose standard treatment. However, by conducting a genetic test, the doctor may gain access to essential information like whether the genetic makeup has mutations or not. Having or not having mutations will create a lot of distinction in how a specific cancer cell responds to the medication.

Apart from considering the genetic side, precision medicine conjointly considers external factors, which will influence how a disease progresses and regresses. Lifestyle and environment may be massive determinants. These factors can play a role in activating particular genes and making higher possibilities of specific illnesses that have been a hereditary trait. By proactively verifying an individual’s health susceptibility, medical attention through precision medicine will minimize or stop the occurrence of diseases. Customized medication provides plenty of control and a significant quantity of lead in cases of proactive prevention. The most striking example, in this case, is that of cancer. A genetic test will reveal if a person has the potential to develop a precise kind of cancer and therefore facilitate physicians to counsel ways to overcome risks.

Experts expect precision medicine to play a genuinely impactful role in cancer treatment. Right now, cancer treatment is dependent on cancer screenings that reveal tumors and biopsies that relay whether or not or not, the tumors are malignant. The level of cancer, or the stage, is additionally a significant determinant of the treatment methodologies an oncologist may follow. Post diagnosis, a mix of chemotherapy, radiations, and surgeries are used. However, there are certain constraints on these approaches. There are innumerable examples where a patient might not react in expected ways, resulting in an ineptness of therapies. These inconsistencies are the result of the variations in DNA in numerous people. Genetic changes in cancer cells are responsible for; however, cancer grows and spreads.

Precision medication has answers to these challenges. Extensive experimentations and testing are on to optimize the scope of precision medicine in cancer treatment. Currently, researchers are focusing on developing targeted drug and delivery mechanisms that may facilitate cancer patients. Regulatory organizations have already approved some targeted therapies. In breast cancer treatment, personalization is administrated based on whether a patient has HER2-positive carcinoma or estrogen-and progesterone-positive carcinoma. For HER2-positive breast cancer, Herceptin has been developed, and it lowers possibilities of return. Hormone therapy bade on the presence or absence of receptors, is additionally being employed for breast cancer patients.

Understanding the genetic element of diseases and patients and combining them to reach the best ways of treatment will result in far better outcomes and survival rates.

Check out: Top Genomics Companies


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