Remote Patient Monitoring: Benefits and Challenges

Remote Patient Monitoring: Benefits and Challenges

By Healthcare Tech Outlook | Tuesday, September 03, 2019

Remote patient surveillance guides health professionals about the safety of their patients between their visits and can notify them of alterations that require immediate care.

FREMONT, CA: Instead of visiting a clinic or hospital, today, a patient can receive the healthcare services at his doorstep. RPM makes this possible by collecting data on the wellness of patients and transmitting it to a physician regularly.

The RPM systems are similar to smartphones and tabs but are intended to obtain readings and to connect them to a specific information transfer device or physician. Patients would need to use specific detectors to be hooked on these instruments to pass physiological data to the doctor. This data is then used by physicians to evaluate the patient and educate them on future action, medicine, and care.

RPM controls may also be used to recall medications, workouts, diet, sleep, or even anxiety guidelines. Besides, RPM systems promote self-monitoring technology, according to the selection, that enables patients themselves to take care of their health through instructions, flow diagrams, and other data. The visiting nurses or medical employees could be supported by the RPM technology situated on the location of a patient in the case of home health care suppliers.

With the broad accessibility of wearable equipment, physiological observations are provided to physicians and medical employees even from distant areas, the notion of RPM is rendered feasible. This allows the person to evaluate the situation without having to be close to the patient.

One of the advantages of RPM is that exchanging the data gathered by the medical device in real-time can avoid a trip to the ER for clients with chronic diseases. This pro-active surveillance strategy offers health experts with information which may be used to monitor stuff like body heat, weight, and heart rhythms. The advantages of remote control in decreasing hospital readmissions, which in turn reduces expenses in the hospital, are also recognized by payers.

To achieve the successful functioning of an RPM system, there are numerous challenges and barriers associated with operations and regulations to overcome:

• Access and Connectivity of Network: The achievement of RPM relies much on network availability and computer connectivity, in particular in the homes of all nurses. This applies in particular to telehealth and any network form, WiFi, mobile telephone, wired or other types. In particular, interruptions can hinder diagnosis if big data packets are transferred across the network. Input devices are often located close to the patients, so patients must ensure continuous communication with the EHR system is possible over an uninterrupted network. Network suppliers could develop network kinds to guarantee this, depending on the adoption rate.

• Adaptability and Training: Although the RPM devices are well usable, a multitude of sensors and device complexity may need to be taught to the patients. The extent of training may depend on the history and conditions of the patient.

• Data Accuracy: RPM's success depends on the quality of the data. The reliability of the data provided to the person who diagnosed this data would rely on the accuracy of the system even if the method, the sensors, and the network are working correctly. To maintain reasonable certainty, it may require verification and calibration of the RPM system from time to time.

• Privacy and Security: As the RPM systems work across digital networks, they are vulnerable to hacking and the resulting violation of privacy and other security concerns. Normally applicable to other Healthcare systems, safety standards could also apply to RPM systems. HIPAA and different similar standards require the protection of patient privacy; however, this could form part of information security and be seen as a more significant subject requiring a healthy relationship between clinics and patients.

• Affordability and Cost: The overheads and additional approval steps can lead to higher costs and therefore cost the adoption of RPM devices. Mass adoption, however, might make it affordable and even necessary in due course.

Despite their commitment to bringing this technology into the homes of patients, doctors and patients continue to adapt themselves to that technology. Workflow and process change must be made to guarantee that alerts are handled timely, and the EHR systems may ingest the data collected from these instruments. It will take time for anyone to get on board, but clinics will continue to press for this technique because of the advantages of remote surveillance.

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