Role of Machine Learning and AI in Precision Medicine

Role of Machine Learning and AI in Precision Medicine

Healthcare Tech Outlook | Thursday, October 10, 2019

AI and machine learning are the driving forces for innovations in the field of precision medicine. 

FREMONT, CA: Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning technology are driving much of the innovation in precision medicine in the health care. The healthcare institutions pursue precision medicine programs as providers continue to integrate genomic and molecular evidence in their clinical treatment decisions. Precision medicine is essential for the medicine to be developed, and the technology to handle the large volumes of data required is critical to its success.

With the new data obtained from multiple researches, CAR-T treatments, increasingly available genetic testing, and other applications, the concept of precision medicine begins to be a reality. As this new data-driven, personalized treatment plans continue to become a part of clinical practice in advanced care environments such as oncology and mental illness, it is now time to assess the shortcomings of existing IT technology structures in the broader clinical use of medicine.

There is no Precision Medicine without AI

Precision medicine is an evolving care approach and prevention of diseases that take account of individual genetic, environmental, and lifestyle variability for each individual. This approach allows doctors and researchers to determine more accurately what groups of people are working to cure and prevent certain diseases.

It needs a considerable computational force (supercomputers); algorithms that can learn at an unprecedented rate by themselves (deep learning); and an approach in general that uses newly-developed doctors' cognitive capacity (AI). The ability of machines has become the frontline of countries that have shown their dominance in them. Deep learning algorithms have been demonstrated at least as well as the treatment of cardiology, dermatology and oncology. However, there is a need to emphasize the importance of combining such algorithms with the knowledge of physicians.

AI is broadly divided into three steps: artificial narrow intelligence (ANI), artificial general information, and artificial super intelligence. In the next decade, ANI will most often appear. ANI can evaluate data sets, draw conclusions, recognize and support the work of doctors.

Precision Medicine Apps

Current solutions in precision medicine include mathematical phenotyping methods, new models for drug discovery and production, and systems to align patients with appropriate treatments and clinical trials, as well as AI and machine learning. The framework for precision medicine for pharmacogenomics is one of the largest, and over 230 recruitment drugs have now been made available with genetic guidelines on the tag.

The Use of the Cloud Made AI and Machine Learning Simpler

Cloud computing is capable of analyzing data faster, and the capacity of such computer learning and artificial intelligence systems is required if around billions of data points are being used. While the cloud is compelling, the collaboration and shared knowledge can make the precision medicine system much more comfortable to access and workable data insights. Machine learning and other forms of artificial intelligence have a high potential to discover new perspectives.

Future of Precision Medicine & Challenges Ahead

In addition to challenges in health IT, payment models must develop to match the business case in which treatments for smaller populations and wider shifts towards value payments for health care are improved to provide clinically operational data for precision medicine. The transition will have consequences for the pharmaceutical industry, the payers, and suppliers.

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