Telemedicine is a generic term used to evaluate the numerous aspects of the healthcare sector by enabling intercommunication amongst patients and physicians without the requirement of personal meetings. In general, by deploying telecommunication technologies such as laptops, cellular phones, and mobile video conference applications, the physicians understand the patient criteria and provide solutions, treatments from the extracted information. Instead of being a single solution provider, through telemedicine, a wider range of solutions can be achieved.
Electronic signals or internet communication are used as a medium to transfer information amongst individuals. Furthermore, with the advancement in wireless communication, telemedicine is recognized as one of the remote clinical care providers and consultants through electronic imaging equipment.
With its growing acceptance in technologies such as online chatting, the face-to-face video capability has made telemedicine gain worldwide acceptance. Furthermore, with patients’ data retrieved online such as blood pressure tests and diabetes conditions, physicians can easily understans the patients’ issues and provide solutions for the same.
In general, the telemedicine is categorized into three types namely store and forward, where patient medical data is acquired at the initial stage, and the evaluated results are forwarded to the patient-preferred medical center for offline analysis. Teleradiology is another process where radiographic images are transferred from one location to another to analyze the cause of the patient. In Telepsychiatry, medical services will be provided through video conferencing, and it is beneficial for the patients to access psychiatric services at remote areas.
In making the telemedicine services more effective, healthcare professionals have derived certain vital aspects from the information captured. The initial one is enhancing diagnosis accuracy, which can be achieved by extracting critical information about patients and determining their exact condition through the analysis. In telemedicine, certain rare diseases can be easily evaluated, where the regular physician fails to resolve.
In some cases, there is a requirement of both doctors and medical professionals to analyze the medical issues. Through telemedicine, a better collaborative approach can be achieved along with knowledge sharing amongst each other. Furthermore, through this process, a large number of people will be medicated at the single time, where the patient data will be captured and sent to the medical specialists for diagnosis. This technique avoids the traditional appointment process and facilitates rural people to gain tremendous healthcare benefit with a high quality of medical services.