The Most Effective Strategies for Preventing Healthcare-Associated...
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The Most Effective Strategies for Preventing Healthcare-Associated Infections

Healthcare Tech Outlook | Friday, September 16, 2022

HAIs are still a major problem today, although the vast majority of them are avoidable

Fremont, CA: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) comprise infections that arise while a person is getting medical treatment. HAIs can infect patients who use medical equipment (central lines, urinary catheters, ventilators) or have surgical operations. HAIs are still a major problem today, although the vast majority of them are avoidable. Because of legal, regulatory, and organizational incentives, HAI prevention and control have evolved significantly over the last decade. However, these adjustments have not bridged the gap between the research base and clinical practice, particularly regarding behavioral change among healthcare personnel.

Hand hygiene

Hand hygiene provides the most essential, easiest, and least costly way to reduce the spread of HAIs and antibiotic resistance (AMR). Cleaning healthcare professionals' hands can help avoid spreading bacteria, especially those resistant to medicines and difficult, if not impossible, to cure. Hand hygiene represents infection prevention and control awareness, attitudes, and actions.

Surveillance

Surveillance systems it is well accepted, enable the assessment of the local burden of HAIs and AMR and help with the early detection of HAIs, along with the identification of clusters and outbreaks. HAI surveillance systems are an integral component of infection prevention and control strategies at the national and institutional levels. Therefore, national surveillance systems should be essential to every public health system. However, recent data on the worldwide situational analysis of AMR revealed that several locations identified inadequate laboratory capacity, infrastructure, and data management as barriers to surveillance.

Antibiotic stewardship

Optimal infection control systems have got highlighted as critical components of any complete AMR management plan, especially through reducing the spread of resistant microbes among patients. However, effective AMR containment in acute care settings necessitates the administration of suitable antibiotics. Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) can help limit antibiotic exposure, reduce Clostridium difficile infection rates, and cut healthcare expenditures. Most antibiotic stewardship actions affect many species at the same time, with the primary objective of preventing the establishment of antibiotic resistance. Thus, ASPs may be considered primarily in terms of horizontal infection prevention. Furthermore, by optimizing surgical antibiotic prophylaxis, ASPs can help reduce surgical site infections.

Patient safety

Patient safety is the absence of preventable injury to a patient during health care and the minimum risk of needless harm connected with health care. Improving patient safety in today's hospitals throughout the world necessitates a methodical strategy for tackling healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antibiotic resistance (AMR).

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