The Role of Machine Learning in Health Informatics

The Role of Machine Learning in Health Informatics

Healthcare Tech Outlook | Monday, September 06, 2021

With digital disruption affecting every industry, including healthcare, the capacity to collect, exchange, and deliver data has become critical.

FREMONT, CA: Through algorithmic procedures, machine learning applications can increase the accuracy of treatment protocols and health outcomes. For instance, deep learning, a subset of advanced machine learning that simulates how the human brain works, is rapidly employed in radiology and medical imaging. Deep learning applications can detect, recognize, and evaluate malignant tumors from images using neural networks that learn from data without supervision.

Increased processing speeds and cloud infrastructures enable machine learning programs to discover anomalies in images that are not visible to the human eye, assisting in diagnosing and treating disease.

Machine learning developments in healthcare will continue to alter the business. The machine learning applications now in effect are a diagnostic tool for diabetic retinopathy and predictive analytics for predicting breast cancer recurrence using medical information and photos.

Three areas in which machine learning in health informatics impacts healthcare are discussed in the following sections.

Recordkeeping: In health informatics, machine learning can help streamline recordkeeping, particularly electronic health records (EHRs). Using AI to optimize EHR management can improve patient care, cost savings in healthcare and administration, and operational efficiencies.

Natural language processing is one example. It enables clinicians to take and record clinical notes without relying on human methods.

Additionally, machine learning algorithms can simplify physician usage of EHR management systems by offering clinical decision assistance, automating image analysis, and integrating telehealth technology.

The integrity of Data: Gaps in healthcare data can result in erroneous predictions from machine learning algorithms, which can severely impact clinical decision-making.

Since healthcare data was initially meant for EHRs, it must be prepared before machine learning algorithms can utilize it efficiently.

Professionals in health informatics are accountable for data integrity. Health informatics experts collect, analyze, classify, and cleanse data.

Analytical Prediction: Combining machine learning, health informatics, and predictive analytics enhances healthcare processes, the transformation of clinical decision support tools, and patient outcomes. The promise of machine learning in transforming healthcare is in its ability to harness health informatics to forecast health outcomes via predictive analytics, resulting in more accurate diagnosis and treatment and improved clinician insights for tailored and cohort therapies.

Additionally, machine learning may bring value to predictive analytics by translating data for decision-makers, allowing them to identify process gaps and optimize overall healthcare business operations.

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